benefits of wudu in islam

Benefits of Wudu / Wuzu (Ablution) in Islam


Wudu or Wuzu (also known as “ablution” in English) is a ritual washing or cleansing process performed by Muslims. It is mandatory for all Muslims to perform wudu before prayer, touching the Qur’an, and performing other acts of worship. Wudu involves washing certain parts of the body (hands, mouth, nose, face, arms, head, and feet). While the primary purpose of wudu is to purify oneself before performing acts of worship, there are also numerous scientific benefits of wudu that have been documented through scientific research. In this article, we will explore the multi-aspect benefits of wudu in Islam, along with examples of how these benefits are experienced.

The article will cover the following types of Wuzu (Ablution):

  1. Scientific and Medical Benefits
  2. Spiritual Benefits
  3. Psychological Benefits
  4. Miscellaneous Benefits of Ablution (Wuzu)

In the succeeding paragraphs above mentioned benefits are explained one by one.

Scientific and Medical Benefits

1. Physical Cleanliness

The primary purpose of Wudu is to attain physical cleanliness. Islam encourages Muslims to maintain cleanliness and hygiene in their daily lives. Wudu helps in getting rid of dirt and impurities from the body, which can cause certain health issues.
Example: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the importance of hand washing and hygiene became even more apparent. Wudu, with its emphasis on physical purification, is a natural way to help prevent the spread of infectious diseases like COVID-19.

2. Improved Body Parts Circulation

Wudu involves washing the arms and legs up to the elbows and knees, respectively. This can help improve circulation in these areas. Wuzu can also be seen as a form of physical exercise, as it involves movements that help stretch and flex various muscle groups in the body. This can help improve flexibility and mobility, which can have a positive impact on overall health.
Example: In individuals who sit for long periods of time (such as office workers), regular wudu can help improve blood flow to the arms and legs, which can reduce the risk of blood clots and other circulatory problems.

3. Improves Hygiene

One of the essential benefits of wudu is that it improves hygiene. Muslims perform wudu five times a day, and it helps them to maintain cleanliness and hygiene. The process of wudu involves washing the hands, mouth, nose, face, arms, head, and feet, which removes dirt and germs from the body. Wuzu can help improve oral and nasal hygiene. Regular practice of wudu reduces the risk of infections and diseases and promotes overall health.
Example: In areas with poor sanitation or limited access to clean water, regular wudu can help reduce the spread of infectious diseases like cholera and typhoid fever.

4. Boosts Blood Circulation

Washing the hands, mouth, and face during Wudu can improve blood circulation in those areas. Regular practice of performing Wuzu (Ablution) i.e. a minimum of five times a day keeps the body and its parts in motion. This helps in maintaining healthy skin and prevents diseases such as dermatitis.

5. Helps in Maintaining Oral Hygiene

Rinsing the mouth during Wudu helps in maintaining oral hygiene. It removes food particles, bacteria, and germs from the mouth, which can cause bad breath and other oral health problems.

6. Hydration

Performing Wudu requires the use of water, which helps in hydrating the body. This is particularly beneficial during the hot summer months when dehydration can lead to various health problems.

7. Protects against Infections and Diseases

Wudu involves washing the hands, face, and feet, which are the primary areas of the body that come in contact with germs and bacteria. By regularly performing Wudu, Muslims can protect themselves from infections and diseases. The water used in wudu has a cooling effect on the body and helps to regulate the body temperature. It also helps to improve blood circulation, which reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Moreover, washing the face and hands regularly helps to prevent eye infections, skin infections, and respiratory issues.

8. Improves Respiratory Health

During Wudu, Muslims are required to rinse their nose, which helps in improving respiratory health. It clears the nasal passages and removes any dust or dirt particles that may have accumulated in the nose.

9. Reduces the Risk of Skin Diseases

Regularly performing Wudu helps in maintaining skin hygiene and reducing the risk of skin diseases such as acne and eczema. Wuzu or Ablution help prevent the development of acne and other skin conditions. The use of water during wudu also helps to hydrate the skin, which can prevent dryness and other skin problems as well.

10. Therapeutic Eeffect of Wuzu

Wudu can also have a therapeutic effect on individuals who suffer from certain medical conditions. For example, individuals who suffer from headaches or migraines can find relief through the process of wudu, as the act of washing the face and head can have a cooling and soothing effect on the body.

11.  Boosts Immune System

Ablution (Wuzu) has been found to boost the immune system of the body. The water used in wudu has healing properties that help to fight against bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms. Wudu also helps to remove harmful toxins from the body, which helps to improve the immune system.
Examples of the medical benefits of wudu can be found in various studies conducted by researchers. For instance, a study conducted in 2013 found that performing wudu helps to reduce the risk of infections and diseases. Another study published in the Journal of Infection Prevention in 2017 found that regular practice of wudu helps to improve hand hygiene and prevent the spread of infections.

Spiritual Benefits

1. Purification of the Body and Soul

Wudu, the Islamic act of washing parts of the body before prayer, is more than just a physical cleansing ritual. It has both external and internal cleanliness and purification. It is believed to have spiritual benefits as well, helping to purify both the body and soul. Wudu is believed to have a purifying effect on the soul. By performing wudu, Muslims are symbolically washing away their sins and impurities, both physical and spiritual.

2. A Means of Worship and Seeking Forgiveness

Wudu is also seen as a means of being able to worship Allah Almighty and seeking forgiveness from Allah. In Islam certain acts of worships can not be performed without ablution (Wuzu) e.g. all types of prayer, recitation of the Holy Quran etc. By performing wudu, a person is able to worship his Lord and seek forgiveness for them. By performing Wuzu, the Muslims are preparing themselves both physically and spiritually for worships. This can help to create a sense of calm and focus, making it easier to connect with Allah during prayer.

3. A means of Spiritual Connection and Heart Satisfaction

Wudu is also believed to improve one’s spiritual connection to Allah Almighty which results in heart / internal satisfaction. By performing wudu, For the Muslims, Wuzu acts as a strong means of maintaining relation with their Real Lord and resultantly provides them with inner satisfaction or consolation. This act of purification can help to bring a person closer to Allah Almighty and increase their spiritual connection with the divine. It allows for a clean and pure state of mind and body, which is essential for communicating with Allah.
Example: Many Muslims report feeling a sense of closeness to God after performing wudu. This can be particularly helpful during times of stress or difficulty, when individuals may need spiritual support and guidance.

4. It Can Help to Increase the Faith

According to a Holy Hadith:

“اَلطَّھُورُ شَطْرُ الْاِیْمَان”

Translation: Purification is part of faith.

Performing wudu regularly can help to strengthen a person’s faith and increase their connection with Allah. By taking the time to perform this ritual, Muslims are reminding themselves of their faith and their commitment to Allah. This act of devotion can help to strengthen their faith (Iman)

Psychological Benefits

1. Psychological Purification

In addition to physical purification, wudu also has psychological benefits. The act of performing wudu can help Muslims focus their minds and prepare themselves for prayer or other acts of worship. This can help reduce anxiety and promote mental clarity and focus.

2. Positive Impact on Behaviour and Mind

Wuzu has other practical benefits as well. For example, the act of performing wudu can serve as a reminder to Muslims to remain conscious of their actions and intentions throughout the day. By taking the time to perform wudu, individuals are able to pause and reflect on their thoughts and behaviours, which can promote mindfulness and self-awareness. The act of performing wudu can be seen as a form of meditation or mindfulness practice, which can be beneficial for individuals of all backgrounds and beliefs. By focusing on the process of Wudu and the intention behind it, Muslims can cultivate mindfulness and be more present in their daily lives.

3. Improves Mental Health

Wudu has been found to improve mental health. The act of wudu helps to reduce negative emotions such as anger, jealousy, and anxiety. It also helps to improve concentration and focus, which is essential for mental well-being. The repetitive nature of wudu also helps to improve memory and cognitive functions.

4. Reduces Stress and Anxiety

Performing Wudu has a calming effect on the mind. It helps in reducing stress and anxiety levels. The process of Wudu involves washing the face, hands, and feet, which can help in reducing tension and relaxing the body. Moreover, the physical act of washing the body parts helps to relax the muscles and reduce tension.
For example, there are many research studies which proved that individuals who suffer from anxiety or stress-related disorders find relief through the calming and relaxing effects of wudu. Many Muslims report feeling a sense of calm and tranquillity after performing wudu. This can be particularly helpful for individuals who are feeling stressed or anxious.

5. Enhances Mindfulness and Concentration:

Wudu enhances concentration during acts of worships like prayer. When a person performs Wudu, they are required to focus on the process and the intention of the act, which helps in clearing the mind of distractions. Moreover, performing wudu requires a person’s full attention and focus. Muslims must be present at the moment and mindful of each step of the ritual. This can help to cultivate a sense of mindfulness, presence and concentration, which can have a positive impact on a person’s mental health and wellbeing.

Miscellaneous Benefits of Ablution (Wuzu)

1. Symbol of Unity among the Muslims

Wudu is a ritual that is performed by Muslims all around the world and serves as a symbol of unity among the ummah (Muslim community). It is a reminder that despite our differences, we are all equal in the eyes of Allah and are united in our worship of Him.

2. Increased Self-Discipline

Performing wudu regularly requires self-discipline and commitment. By making wudu a part of their daily routine, Muslims are cultivating a sense of self-discipline that can spill over into other areas of their lives. This can help them to achieve their goals, develop healthy habits, and become better versions of themselves.

3. Reminder of the Importance of Cleanliness

Wudu serves as a reminder of the importance of cleanliness in Islam. It encourages Muslims to maintain cleanliness not just in their physical bodies, but also in their thoughts, actions, and intentions.

4. Helps to Earn Respect in the Society

Regular practice of performing Wuzu helps a person in remaining neat and clean, from impurities and sins both. This helps him maintain an impressive personality in society which eventually results in earning and establishing great respect among the people.


In conclusion, the medical benefits of wudu in Islam are numerous and varied. The regular practice of wudu can help to improve hygiene, prevent diseases, boost the immune system, relieve stress, improve mental health, and enhance the spiritual connection with Allah. Muslims should make wudu a regular part of their daily routine, not only for its spiritual significance but also for the many physical and mental health benefits it provides. Therefore, it is a practice that is highly recommended for Muslims and can be beneficial for individuals of all backgrounds. It is a holistic approach to maintaining a healthy body and mind. The scientific and medical benefits of wudu are a testament to the wisdom and mercy of Allah, Who has prescribed this act of purification for His believers. By performing wudu regularly, Muslims can not only maintain their physical and mental health, but they can also strengthen their spiritual connection with Allah.


Q. What is Wudu?

A. Wudu is an act of ritual purification performed by Muslims before certain acts of worship, such as prayer, recitation of Holy Quran etc. It involves washing specific parts of the body in a prescribed manner.

Q. Why is Wudu important in Islam?

A. Wudu is considered important because it cleanses the body and purifies the soul. It is a prerequisite for performing the ritual prayer (Salah) and is seen as a means of seeking closeness to Allah Almighty and preparing oneself for worship.

Q. What are the steps of Wudu?

A. The steps of Wudu are as follows:

  1. Begin with the intention (Niyyah) to perform Wudu.
  2. Wash both hands up to the wrists three times.
  3. Rinse the mouth and spit out the water three times.
  4. Sniff water into the nostrils and blow it out three times.
  5. Wash the face three times, from the hairline to the chin and from ear to ear.
  6. Wash the arms up to the elbows, starting with the right arm and then the left.
  7. Wipe a moistened hand over the head, moving it from the forehead to the back.
  8. Wipe the inside and outside of the ears with the same moistened hand.
  9. Finally, wash both feet up to the ankles, starting with the right foot and then the left.

Q. When should Wudu be performed?

A. Wudu should be performed before the obligatory prayers (Salah), before touching or reading the Holy Quran, and before entering the state of ritual prayer (Salah).

Q. What breaks the state of Wudu?

A. The state of Wudu is broken by:

  1. Any discharge from the private parts.
  2. Bleeding / running from any part of the body.
  3. Urinating and excrement.
  4. Falling asleep while lying down.
  5. Losing consciousness.

Q. How long does Wudu remain valid?

A. Wudu remains valid until a person breaks it by any of the actions mentioned above. It does not have a specific time limit.

Q. Can Wudu be performed using only water?

A. Yes, Wudu can be performed using only water. However, it is recommended to use clean water, and using a Miswak (tooth-stick) before Wudu is highly encouraged.

Q. Can Wudu be performed in the absence of water?

A. If water is unavailable or using it is harmful, a dry ablution (Tayammum) can be performed. It involves striking the hands on clean soil or dust and wiping the face and hands with it after intending to seek purification with the soil.

Q. Is it necessary to repeat Wudu for each prayer?

A. Wudu is not required before every prayer if it remains valid. If a person has not broken their Wudu, they can perform multiple prayers without repeating the ablution.

Q. Can Wudu be invalidated by minor actions?

A. No, minor actions such as laughing, sneezing, or crying do not invalidate Wudu. It remains valid unless one of the actions that break Wudu is performed.


Islamic practices may vary among different schools of thought, and it is advisable to consult with a knowledgeable Islamic scholar for specific guidance.

To Download the Book on “Wudu ka Tariqa” click the link below:




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